Gender in Antiquity: Anxieties, Transgressions, and Legacies
Twenty-first Annual Graduate Student Colloquium, Charlottesville, Virginia, Saturday, April 1, 2017.
The Classics Graduate Student Association of the University of Virginia announces its Twenty-first Annual Graduate Student Colloquium, to be held in Charlottesville on April 1, 2017. Victoria Wohl, Professor of Classics at the University of Toronto, will deliver a keynote address. The call for papers is given below. The remaining pages on this site are for our colloquium from last year. Once abstracts for this year have been accepted and a program has been set, these pages will be updated.
Transgression of gender roles in Greek and Roman sources is abundant and various. While the ancient Greeks and Romans did not conceptualize "gender" as a cultural phenomenon distinct from sex, modern applications of gender theory have revealed the many ways in which cultural expectations affected men and women in antiquity. This research has been fruitful not only in tracing the culturally constructed borders that delineated the sexes but also in revealing how frequently those boundaries could be crossed or unsettled. In the divine sphere, Dionysus the effeminate conqueror and Athena the warrior goddess both appropriate gender characteristics of the opposite sex. For mortals, by contrast, such gender reversals can have deadly consequences: Euripides' Medea and Livy's Tullia, for instances, represent cultural anxieties about ambitious women through their assumption of masculine traits. Accusations of gender transgression were also a perennial weapon in the arsenal iambic poets and orators, whether emasculating male rivals or ascribing sexual misconduct to targets of either sex. At the same time, more playful modes of gender inversion were also present, as Aristophanes' farces of women in power and the Augustan poets' celebration of their "soft" verses attest. Even the borders of biological sex were not conceived of as fixed: in addition to the sexual transformations of mythology, ancient medical writers describe the body's natural sex as disturbingly unstable.
We are interested in receiving papers that explore the complexity of gender in the ancient world, broadly conceived, including its reception in later periods and its influence on contemporary constructions of gender. We welcome submissions from Classics, Art & Archeology, Women & Gender studies, History, Philosophy, Anthropology, Medieval & Renaissance studies, and related disciplines. Possible topics include (but are not limited to):